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Daily Macro Digest

Tuesday 20 February
ZEW slightly lower than expected in Germany

Germany: Zew (Feb): 92.3 vs 93.9 expected (prior: 95.2)

  • Expectations: 17.8 vs 16 expected (prior: 20.4)
  • Sentiment has slightly eased, probably more due to the recent decline in equity prices rather than broader concerns about the economy.


Germany: PPI (Jan): 0.5% m/m vs 0.3% expected (prior: 0.2%)

  • On a y/y basis: 2.1% vs 1.8% expected (prior: 2.3%)
  • Consumer goods prices rose by 0.1% m/m, while capital goods prices increased by 0.5% m/m.


Poland: PPI (Jan): 0.1%m/m vs 0% expected (prior: -0.3%)

  • On a y/y basis: 0.2% vs 0.1% expected (prior: 0.3%)
  • Manufacturing rose by 0.2% m/m, while electricity and gas declined by 0.3% m/m.


Poland: Retail sales (Jan): -20.5% m/m vs -21.2% expected (prior: 16.6%)

  • On a y/y basis: 8.2% vs 6.9% expected (prior: 6%).


Monday 19 February
Encouraging economic data in Russia

Russia: Retail sales (Jan.): 2.8% y/y vs 2.4% expected (prior: 3.1%)

  • The increase in minimum wage this year, decreed by Putin starting in January, low inflation (2.2% in January, a record low) and relatively strong labor market-conditions should bolster consumption this year.
  • This should help the economic momentum to pick up.


Russia: Real wages (Jan.): 6.2% y/y vs 5.0% expected (prior: 6.2% revised from 4.6%)

  • Annual increase in real wages remains at the highest since 2013.

Russia: Disposable income (real) (Jan.): 0.0% y/y vs -0.5% expected (prior: -1.4% revised from -1.8%)


Russia: Unemployment rate (Jan.): 5.2% vs 5.3% expected (prior: 5.1%)

  • The unemployment rate stood at 5.5% a year earlier.


Russia: PPI (Jan.): 0.1% m/m vs 1.3% expected (prior: 1.2%)

  • PPI y/y: 5.0% vs 6.4% expected (prior: 8.4%)


Friday 16 February
US consumer confidence surprised to the upside, UK retail sales broadly flat

US: Consumer confidence (Michigan) (Feb P): 99.9 vs 95.5 expected (prior: 95.7)

  • Current conditions: 115.1 vs 111.1 expected (prior: 110.5)
  • Expectations: 90.2 vs 87.2 expected (prior: 86.3)
  • The press release states that negative references to stock prices were spontaneously cited by just 6% of all consumers. Instead, favorable perceptions of the tax reforms dominated.
  • All in all, consumers still appear to be in strong shape to boost their spending again over the coming months.


US: Import price index (Jan): 1% m/m vs 0.6% expected (prior: 0.2% revised from 0.1%)

  • On a y/y basis: 3.6% vs 3% expected (prior: 3% revised from 3.2%)
  • Headline was driven by a surge in imported petroleum prices (+4.3% m/m).
  • Within non-petroleum imported prices, the bulk of the increase came from industrial supplies (+3.1% m/m), while prices of capital goods and autos recorded only modest growth.


US: Housing starts (Jan): 1326k vs 1234k expected (prior: 1209k revised from 1192k)

  • On a y/y basis: 9.7% vs 3.5% expected (prior: -8.2% revised from -6.9%)
  • Building permits: 1396k vs 1300k expected (prior: 1302k revised from 1300k); 7.4% m/m vs 0% expected (prior: -0.1% revised from -0.2%)
  • While the volatile multi-family category led the increase, single-family starts rose as well.


UK: Retail sales (Jan): 0.1% m/m vs 0.5% expected (prior: -1.4% revised from -1.5%)

  • On a y/y basis: 1.6% vs 2.5% expected (prior: 1.4% revised from 1.5%)
  • Ex autos: 0.1% vs 0.6% expected (prior: -1.6% revised from -1.5%); 1.5% y/y vs 2.4% expected (prior: 1.3%)
  • Retail sales growth was broadly flat at the beginning of the New Year with the longer-term picture showing a continued slowdown in the sector.
Thursday 15 February
Rising core PPI and disappointing industrial production in the US

US: PPI (Jan.): 0.4% m/m as expected (prior: 0.0% revised from -0.1%)

  • PPI y/y: 2.7% vs 2.4% expected (prior: 2.6%)
  • Core PPI: 0.4% m/m vs 0.2% expected (prior: -0.1%); 2.2% y/y vs 2.0% expected (prior: 2.3%)
  • The annual increase in core PPI is close to a 6-year high, which partly reflects the upward pressure on import prices from the weaker dollar and provides further evidence that inflationary pressures are set to build this year.

US: Industrial production (Jan.): -0.1% m/m vs 0.2% expected (prior: 0.4% revised from 0.9%)

  • Manufacturing production was flat m/m (vs 0.3% expected) and previous readings were revised slightly lower.
  • Except the 0.6% m/m rise in utilities output, which was due to the unseasonably cold temperatures in some regions, the weakness in January was broad-based.
  • Along with the weaker retail sales data released yesterday, this report provides further evidence that economic growth may (yet again) disappoint in Q1.

US: Philadelphia Fed. (Feb.): 25.8 vs 21.8 expected (prior: 22.2)

  • Unexpected increase with a solid rise in new orders, in employment but also in prices paid.

US: Empire manufacturing (Feb.): 13.1 vs 18.0 expected (prior: 17.7)

  • New orders slightly increased while employment and prices paid rose more meaningfully.
  • These two regional surveys confirms that manufacturers continue to be optimistic for the economic activity.

US: Initial jobless claims (Feb. 10): 230k vs 228k expected (prior: 223k revised from 221k)

US: NAHB housing market index (Feb.): 72 as expected (prior: 72)

  • Homebuilders' confidence remains close to the highest level since 1999.
  • The measure on the 6-month outlook reached its highest since 2005.

Russia: Industrial production (Jan.): 2.9% y/y vs -0.5% expected (prior: -1.5%)


Wednesday 14 February
US: higher inflation and lower retail sales than expected

US: CPI (Jan.): 0.5% m/m vs 0.3% expected (prior: 0.2% revised from 0.1%)

  • Yearly trend on headline inflation was stable at 2.1% y/y; core inflation was up by 0.3% m/m (vs 0.2% m/m expected and in prior month; stable at 1.8% y/y).
  • Energy (3% m/m), apparels (1.7% m/m; related to import prices) and services (0.3% m/m) were responsible for the monthly rebound.
  • Outlook on inflation points towards a rising trend; after moderate yearly trend in Q1, headline inflation should be close to 3% y/y in Q2, and core CPI above 2% y/y according to our scenario. 2018 average headline inflation should now reach 2.5% y/y and core inflation 2.2% y/y.
  • This argues in favor of regular rate hikes from the Fed in Q1 and Q2-18, and in favor of 4 rate hikes this year.


US: Retail sales (Jan.): -0.3% m/m vs 0.2% expected (prior: 0% revised from 0.4%)

  • Core sales were flat (0.4% m/m expected) and past month data were revised from 0.4% m/m to 0% m/m.
  • Bad weather conditions and a pause after strong Q4 data partly explained the negative surprises on sales.
  • Purchases on several items have reversed from the past two months (autos, building materials and electronics); non-store sales were flat after 0.5% m/m.
  • Too early to see in these volatile data a reversal in US scenario, as supports should continue from the heathy labor and some fiscal easing.


US: Business inventories (Dec.): 0.4% m/m vs 0.3% expected (prior: 0.4%)

  • Inventories have increased (notably ex-autos); but sales were still dynamic (0.6% m/m).


Eurozone: Industrial production (Dec.): 0.4% m/m vs 0.1% expected (prior: 1.3% revised from 1%)

  • Except capital goods, momentum in production was positive for all major sectors.
  • Yearly trend has reached 5.2% y/y, comparable to the high pace in activity reached before the crisis.


Germany: GDP (Q4-17): 0.6% q/q as expected (prior: 0.8%)

  • Growth has been strong at year end; Eurozone GDP has also been confirmed up by 0.6% q/q in Q4-17.


Germany: CPI (Jan.): -1% m/m as expected (prior: 0.6%)

  • Rising oil and food prices, while prices for leisure and clothes have weakened.
  • Yearly trend has moderated from 1.6% y/y to 1.4% y/y.


Italy: GDP (Q4-17): 0.3% q/q as expected (prior: 0.4%)

  • GDP was up by 1.6% y/y (1.7% y/y in Q3-17); Italy is under a progressive recovery, but it remains fragile.


Poland: GDP (Q4-17): 1% q/q vs 1.2% expected (prior: 1.2%)

  • Activity was on an accelerating trend (5.1% y/y after 4.9% y/y in Q3-17).


Turkey: Current account (Dec.): -7.7bn USD vs -7.5bn expected (prior: -4.38bn revised from -4.2bn)

  • Rising imports and weaker exports have increased trade and current account deficits.

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